1. Create a Family Emergency Plan.
- Discuss with your family the need to prepare for disaster.
- Discuss the types of disasters that are most likely to occur, (fire, thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes), and how to respond.
- Create two different routes to get out of your house in case you must leave.
- Establish a meeting place inside and outside of your home.
- Make sure you have a contact who does not live with you. This should be the person everyone contacts in an emergency to let them know where you are and if you are alright.
- Have children memorize important family information. This should include at least family name, phone number and address.
2. Create a Checklist and Keep It Updated.
- Post emergency phone numbers next to phones.
- Teach children how and when to call 911.
- Teach family members how to use a fire extinguisher. Check it each year.
- Install smoke detectors on each level and near bedrooms. Test and change batteries once a year.
- Learn basic first aid.
- Replace stored water and food in emergency supply kit every 6 months.
- Make sure you have a corded phone, cordless phones will not work without electricity.
3. Don't Forget Your Pets.
- All pets should wear a collar with its up-to-date identification tags.
- You should also create an emergency supply kit for your pet.
- Food: Same as for a person, at least a three-day supply in an airtight container.
- You will need a least three days worth of water just for your pets.
- Medicines and medical records stored in a water proof container.
- A first aid kit and reference book.
- Backup leashes for all pets.
- Pet carrier.
- Sanitation items. This includes pet litter, litter box, trash bags, and chlorine bleach.
- Picture of you and your pet.
- Familiar pet toys to reduce the stress on your pet.
Source Federal Emergency Management Agency.